Papacy - A Historical Perspective
St. Zosimus : 417-418 A.D.
41. Of Greek origin ( Masuraca ). Elected March 18, 417 - died
December 26, 418.
He had a strong personality, claimed
the right of the church
against foreign interference.
He sent vicars to the Gauls. Of very high moral standards.
He ruled that illegitimate
children and slaves could not become clerics and prohibited
priest to go into taverns
to drink wine.
His body is conserved in the Basilica of San Lorenzo Fuorile Mura.
pontificate lasted about a year and a half.
St. Boniface I : 418-422 A.D.
42. Born in Rome. Elected December 28, 418 - died November 4, 422.
The interference of Charles of
Ravenna marks the beginning of
the interferences in the
elections of the Pope.
Boniface I was confirmed Pope after several months of opposition
by another contender: the anti-pope Eulalius.
He ruled that nobody could become a priest
before the age of thirty and anyone with debts could become a cleric.
He was buried in the
Vatican Grottoes. He governed the Church for almost 4 years.
St. Celestine I : 422-432 A.D.
43. Born in Rome. Elected November 10, 422 - died July 27, 432.
He called the third
Ecumenical Council which condemned Nestorius, Patriarch of
During this council it was proclaimed that the Bishop of Rome had
supremacy over all the
He sent St. Patrick on a mission to Ireland.
The use of the “pastoral staff” starts to be
mentioned during his time.
His body is buried in the Church of Santa Prassede in Rome.
His pontificate lasted about 10 years.
St. Sixtus III : 432-440 A.D.
44. Born in Rome. Elected July 31, 432 - died August 19, 440.
He enlarged and embellished the
Basilicas of Santa Maria Maggiore
and San Lorenzo.
440, he started the construction of another church dedicated to
Lorenzo: the existing San
Lorenzo in Lucina.
Sixtus III was the author of many epistles and he upheld the
jurisdiction of Rome, over the Illyria, against the eastern emperor who
wanted it to be
dependent on Constantinople.
His body is buried in the Basilica of San Lorenzo Fuori le
Mura. He was a pontiff for a little over a year.
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