Papacy - A Historical Perspective
Pius III : 1503 A.D.
215. Born in Siena. Elected October 8,1503 - died October 18, 1503.
He accepted the elections after many
pressures, because of
his precarious state of health.
During the crowning, his gout forced him to say Mass sitting down.
He could not do much given the brevity of his pontificate, only
15 days. He was buried in San Andrea della Valle.
Julius II : 1503-1513 A.D. [For the seldom
this Pope - Click
216. Born in Savona. Elected November 26, 1503 - died February 21,
He fostered art and studies and made
magnificent with the contribution provided by Raffaello and
He called the 18th Ecumenical Council.
He completed the building of the Basilica of St. Peter, the
biggest of the world.
On April 18th 1506 he blessed and laid the foundation stone of the
new St. Peter's, in a very deep hole dug
where one of the 4 columns supporting the cupola was to be placed and
also deposited in it an urn containing 12 coins among which two golden
coins created for this event.
He renewed the use of beard for popes, making it grow when he was
Before Julius we heard no news about the fact that the bodies
of popes were opened and embalmed.
Julius was the first: the last was Leo XIII.
Julius institutionalised the Swiss Guards.
The uniform with yellow and red stripes, (the colours of Rome) was
designed by Michelangelo and was definitively adopted byPaul III in
He was buried in the Basilica of St. Peter. His pontificate lasted
about 9 years and 4 months.
Leo X : 1513-1521 A.D. [For the seldom
this Pope - Click
217. Born in Florence. Elected March 19, 1513 - died December 1st
He did not care about and did not
know how to solve the
serious schism caused by the former Augustinian monk Marin Luther, who
married a former nun, Caterina Bora.
He set up a censorship office concerning the printing of
books, from which the Index was originated (the
list of forbidden books to Catholics ).
He went ahead with the building of the new St. Peter's and made
Raffaello paint the famous loggias in the
He was the founder of the Vatican Chapel of Cantors and was the
creator and founder of the Institute of Antiquity and Fine Arts, having
written a Breve about the conservation of the latter.
He created the pawnshops and laws on pawn offices.
He was buried in the Church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva. His
pontificate lasted about 8 years and 9
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