Papacy - A Historical Perspective
St. Hyginus : 136-140 A.D.
9. Born in Athens, Elected in 136 - died a martyr in 140.
He determined the different
prerogatives of the clergy and defined the grades of ecclesiastical
hierarchy; appointed 6
bishops, 15 priests and 6 deacons.
He instituted the role of godparents at the time of
baptism for the purpose of guiding the child in his Christian life
and ordered that churches
should be dedicated.
He was buried near the tomb of St. Peter. His pontificate was short
: 4 years, 3 months and 4 days.
St. Pius I : 140-155 A.D.
10. Born in Aquileia. Elected in 140 - died a martyr in 155.
The choice of the date for the
celebration of Easter, as the first Sunday after the March full moon,
is attributed to Pius I.
He established new and important rules for the conversion of Jews to
the Christian faith.
He opposed the heresy of the Gnostic Marcion.
His pontificate was during the reign of
Antonius Pius: a relatively peaceful time. He had a small chapel
built on the site where the
church of St. Prassede stands today; the church was later commissioned
by Pope Pascal I
and preserves the column where Jesus was tide up and flagellated.
Pius I was buried near St. Peter’s tomb after a pontificate of
about 15 years.
St. Anicetus I : 155-166 A.D.
11. Born in Syria. Elected in 155 - died a martyr in 166.
He decreed that the clergy could
not have long hair. He confirmed that Easter be celebrated on
Sunday according to St.
He suffered martyrdom in 166, his body rests in the Chapel of
Palace in Rome. The urn containing his body was used as a sepulchre for
Severius. Anicetus was Pope for about 11 year.
St. Soter : 166-175 A.D.
12. Born in Fondi. Elected in 166 - died a martyr in 175 .
A generous and charitable Pope.
The years of his pontificate coincided with the best years of the reign
of emperor Marcus
Aurelius. He forbade women to burn incense during a congregation of
declared that any marriage which had not been blessed by a priest was
not considered valid
and established that priest were to celebrate mass on a empty stomach.
His body rest in
the Roman Church of S. Martino. He was a pontiff for a little over 9
Back to Top
Index of Roman
© Format Copyright 2002 - 2022 by The M+G+R Foundation.
All rights reserved.
The M+G+R Foundation
Please Note: If the above dated image does not appear
on this document, it means that you are not viewing the original
document from our servers. Should you have reason to doubt the
authenticity of the document, we recommend that you access our server
again and click on the "Refresh" or "Reload" button of your Browser to
view the original document.